[The treatment of the Wyoming rail is
of particular note. Caltrans shows a picture of this aesthetic, visually
transparent railing, but it immediately notes it falls in the "not
recommended" range for post set back criteria in the AASHTO bridge rail
Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) standards.
This workshop is the first time that Caltrans has
mentioned any safety criterion other than the FHWA crash test (Report 350)
standards. The insertion of the AASHTO LRFD standards is to become a major
focus of contention between me and Caltrans, with the Coastal Commission
being in the middle of the contest.
Caltrans also assumes throughout its presentation
that all railings will be used as a combination pedestrian and traffic
guard. Pedestrian railings in California are required to prevent passage
of a 4" sphere (as a legislative consequence of a small child falling
through an opening on the Golden Gate Bridge). They completely ignore the
two-rail system that I have been urging since my first letter to Caltrans
in August 1998.
The resulting modifications
of the otherwise approved railings are shown below. The change to the
original light and transparent Wyoming rail is particularly striking. The
"modified Wyoming rail" rail bears no relation to it namesake.]